This FOA solicits research applications to advance the fundamental understanding of dynamic, physical, and biogeochemical processes required to systematically develop and analyze results from Earth System Models. The FOA will support:
further development of the marine biogeochemical simulations in Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM);
hierarchical modeling, simulations and analysis using E3SM and other Earth system models to enhance understanding of biogeochemical (terrestrial and marine), aerosol, cloud, and/or aerosol-cloud interactions and feedbacks;
novel methodologies and techniques for model initialization, coupled data assimilation.