The Energy Earthshot™ initiative is an all-hands-on-deck approach to provide science and technology innovations that address the tough technological challenges required to achieve our climate and economic competitiveness goals. The Energy Earthshots will accelerate breakthroughs towards more abundant, affordable, and reliable clean energy solutions. This FOA will support small teams to build the scientific foundations for the Energy Earthshot goals. Six Energy Earthshots have been announced so far: Hydrogen Shot™, Long Duration Storage Shot™, Carbon Negative Shot™, Enhanced Geothermal Shot™, Floating Offshore Wind Shot™, and Industrial Heat Shot™. Applications for this funding opportunity should focus on fundamental science related to the Energy Earthshots. Priority will be given to applications that focus on crosscutting research relevant to multiple Energy Earthshots. Multi-disciplinary teams are encouraged. This is a limited submission opportunity; please work with your research administrator in obtaining internal review.